Starting more than 25 years ago, the federal government ‘encouraged’ the states to pass new laws to punish drivers suspected of DUI/DWI for merely taking the state’s DUI breath test and having a test result that exceeded the state’s ‘legal BAC limit’. All states had already passed statutes calling for loss of license if the person REFUSED to submit to the state’s blood test, breath or urine test, where an officer SUSPECTED that the driver was drunk or drugged.
In the late 1980s and early 1990s legal challenges were mounted by defense attorneys across America arguing that this was DOUBLE punishment for a single offense. Courts around the USA brushed aside these challenges, holding that driving is not a RIGHT, but a PRIVILEGE. Therefore, the state that issues a license can determine the rules whereby the license can be snatched away from drivers in that state. The courts found an important and logical reason for wanting to remove a drunk driver’s license and shrugged off a multitude of challenges, such as violation of due process, double jeopardy, equal protection and other similar challenges.
Administrative License Suspension (ALS)
Some states call their form of immediate license snatching an “administrative license suspension.” Others call it a revocation. Lawyers who practice in this area of law often use the appropriate acronym rather than administrative license revocation (ALR) or administrative license suspension (ALS). In Georgia, it is called a suspension. In Texas, it is a revocation. For all practical purposes, the legal effect is about the same all over the USA, due to federal highway funding being tied to every state’s compliance with this type of law.
This administrative punishment for taking the test and rendering a test score over the state’s limit was designed to be in addition to all the punishments that traditionally follow a DUI/DWI criminal conviction. The traditional punishments include driver’s license suspension, jail time, probation, community service, ignition interlock devices, alcohol and drug rehabilitation, etc. These ADMINISTRATIVE penalties are basically an IMMEDIATE taking of the driver’s license, subject to some sort of due process rights in the form of a hearing to try to get the immediate suspension/revocation set aside (rescinded, dismissed, etc.). This means that a DUI/DWI arrest triggers not only a CRIMINAL case, but also triggers an administrative case against the driver.
Can I Fight an ALS?
When an attorney undertakes to represent a person accused of drunk driving, the administrative hearing can be a very important step in the overall effort to ‘win’ your case. The statutes that set up these ‘license snatch’ laws also have VERY SHORT time periods in which to file an APPEAL or a MOTION TO RESCIND the existing administrative license suspension/revocation. The time periods run from as short as 5 days to as long as 30 days after the arrest. Typically, once this ‘appeal period’ has expired, you cannot get a hearing at all. Your license suspension/revocation must run its course, and you may be burdened with many time-consuming and costly steps to re-establish driving privileges. Your best advice: contact a lawyer who practices in this field immediately, if arrested for DUI/DWI.
Appeal ALS Within 10 Days of Arrest
Within 10 days of your DUI arrest your driver’s license may be automatically suspended by your state’s Department of Driver Services. This is called an administrative license suspension, or ALS, and is totally separate from your DUI criminal case. That is why you must act immediately to save your driving privileges! One of our top-rated DUI lawyers can file for an administrative license hearing, but we must ask for this hearing within 10 days of your DUI arrest. If you do nothing, your driver’s license will be automatically suspended.
What Happens at an ALS Appeal?
Be aware that the burden of proof for these administrative license hearings is a CIVIL burden of proof. This is a far easier standard for the state than ‘proof beyond a reasonable doubt’ in a criminal trial. Hence, the officer is at a distinct advantage in trying to keep your license revoked/suspended. Don’t fault your attorney if the required proof is extremely easy to establish, since many states have passed laws to make it this way. However, these hearings can often expose weaknesses in the officer’s criminal case, which will be heard later. Your lawyer may use transcripts from these sworn ALR/ALS hearings to impeach or contradict the officer’s testimony at a later hearing or trial. Certainly, keeping a DUI/DWI conviction off your driving history may be the ultimate goal for you.
Each state also determines if and when ANY type of limited (work) permit can be obtained for a driver suspended or revoked for an ALS or ALR license snatching. Some states are more favorable to drivers who take the state blood, breath or urine tests and score over the legal limit, than for those who refuse all testing. Others have shorter license suspension/revocation periods for refusal than if you are convicted at the criminal DUI/DWI trial. The rules may also change for REPEAT offenders, who are routinely denied all driving privileges if a second or subsequent arrest and illegal BAC test are obtained. You should consult with a knowledgeable attorney who specializes in this type of practice, to be able to determine what you should do if ever confronted by an officer who suspects that you are a drunk or drugged driver. Several states have now approved FORCIBLE taking of blood or urine, so refusals no longer exist in a handful of states. In these states, only ALS or ALR penalties are at issue, not ‘refusal’, suspensions or revocations.
We Can Keep You Driving During Your DUI Case
A top-rated DUI lawyer in your area has 10 days to file for a hearing in an effort to keep your driver’s license from being suspended. Your DUI attorney’s office will file paperwork for an administrative license hearing for you, and will represent you at the hearing. A filing fee does apply, and it varies by state. Continuing to legally drive is super important as you know. You can continue to go to work, pick up your children, attend meetings with your DUI lawyer, and attend mandatory court dates. Plus, keeping your driver’s license avoids having to explain why you are getting rides to work, or why you cannot drive your coworkers to lunch. How will you explain why you cannot rent a car on your next business trip?
You have enough to deal with as you and your DUI lawyer prepare to fight your DUI charge. You do not need everyone in the world to know about it.
Start Saving Money For Filing Fees and Other Expenses
Each state that requires an administrative license suspension will also require an ALS filing fee. The amount varies by state, but expect it to be around $150 – $300. Down the road you may have to pay for DUI school, court fines, and more bail if you are convicted. If convicted of DUI, your car insurance rates will definitely increase. The best outcome for you is to get your drunk driving charges reduced, and a winning DUI attorney will always fight for you.
The automatic license suspension punishment for taking the DUI breath test and rendering a test score over the state’s BAC limit was designed to be in addition to all the punishments that traditionally follow a DUI/DWI criminal conviction, such as jail time, probation, community service hours, a possible DUI ignition interlock, and alcohol and drug rehabilitation. These administrative penalties are basically an immediate taking of your driver’s license, subject to some sort of due process rights in the form of a hearing to try to get the immediate suspension/revocation set aside. This means that a DUI/DWI arrest triggers not only a “criminal” case, but also an “administrative” case against you.
Keep Driving – Your Job May Depend On It
Because your right to drive may hang in the balance, getting a top-notch DUI trial attorney may be the difference between driving and not driving. For CDL (commercial) drivers and people who must travel and rent cars at their destination, this is a catastrophic disaster. Trying to win back your driver’s license is a major step in a DUI/DWI case. Give your DUI attorney as much advance notice as possible to try to win this important administrative license hearing.
More DUI Driver’s License Loss Resources
To learn more about an administrative license suspension after a DUI, read some of our in-depth articles below:
- Is a DUI ALS Hearing the Same as a Criminal Proceeding?
- Do I Have to Attend My DUI ALS?
- Does My Arresting Officer Have to Attend My DUI ALS?
- Does Implied Consent Affect the ALS Hearing?